Dental Age Estimation Methods in Egyptian Studies: A systematic Review

Document Type : Original Article


Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Egypt


Age estimation is fundamental in personal identification especially in cases undergoing criminal proceedings, immigrants or those requesting asylum. Variation in dental development among populations is reported in the literature without clear explanations. In the absence of population-specific standards, data from other populations will be used as reference without considering whether they are appropriate or not. The main objective of dental age estimation methods is to obtain the best-standardized method for legal age estimation. Hence, age estimation methods must be simple, reliable and can be applied in both living and dead individuals. In this document, I tried to shed light on the published Egyptian studies discussing different methods for dental age estimation. Unfortunately, a little number of Egyptian studies could be found in this field. Eight dental age estimation methods were reported in 19 Egyptian studies. The commonest evaluated method was the Pulp/Tooth Area Ratio (5 studies) followed by that of Demirjian et al. (1973) (4 studies). It is recommended to adopt the idea of establishing a validated Egyptian study that introduces Egyptian specific standards.