Violence patterns during the Covid-19 pandemic An Egyptian sample

Document Type : Original Article


Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University


Violence is a worldwide phenomenon resulting in 1.6 million deaths per year, making it one of the top causes of mortality worldwide. Physical, sexual, psychological, and negligence are the most common forms of violence. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new pandemic global health crisis caused by a newly identified coronavirus (WHO) which began in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 led to enormous devastating changes in the daily lives of millions around the world. This study aims to evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the violence pattern among people in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. The number of patients that arrived at the forensic medicine department during the pre- covid 19 study period was 275; the male gender represented 60.7% of them. During the covid pandemic, 304 individuals visited the forensic medicine department for the primary medico-legal reports, with 74.3 percent being males. In both groups (pre covid and covid), most of the patients came from rural areas. Blunt instruments were the most frequently used instruments in violence in both pre and covid groups (86.5% and 85.9%, respectively). Quarrels were the most common cause of violence. Simple wounds were the commonest. The overall incidence of violence has increased during COVID-19. The Majority of patients were male, middle-aged, and young adults who live in rural areas. Quarrels were the commonest violence etiology during covid 19; blunt instruments were the commonest used instrument.


Main Subjects