Prediction of Stature and Gender From Foot Measurements: Egyptian Versus Malaysian

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt

2 Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

3 Department of Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Lately, anthropometric foot measurements had been considered a specific tool for individual identification despite different ethnical variations. The present study aimed to estimate the predictive value of foot measurements to determine stature, gender and race in samples of Egyptian and Malaysian students. Studied groups included Egyptian group (57 students: 26 males and 31 females) and Malaysian group (54 students: 24 males and 30 females). The following measurements were recorded for each foot in centimeters: body stature, foot length, foot width, heel width, medial malleolus height and lateral malleolus height. The study proved the presence of statistical significant difference in foot measurements in males than females for both groups. The highest correlation was observed in foot width for Egyptian males and Malaysian females while there was no significant correlation for foot measurements in Egyptian females and Malaysian males when stature and foot measurement relations were evaluated. Equations were obtained by using linear regression analysis for stature prediction and logistic regression analysis for gender and race prediction. Gender prediction equation can help in determining the gender with 93 % accuracy and 79.6 % accuracy for foot measurements in Egyptian and Malaysian groups respectively and as regards the racial difference, foot length and body stature were the main determinants with 70.8% accuracy for each group. In conclusion, Foot measurements yielded important predictive tool for identification of stature, gender and race.